Part 1: Legislation and company examples
EU4Environment supports the instruction of professionals and entrepreneurs on the practices of Circular Economy by hosting an online specialized training in Armenia.
The UNIDO-led training is divided into two parts (organized on different dates) and will focus on harnessing circular economy principles and systems-based approaches to explore ways in which entrepreneurs and professionals can redesign their business systems, products, and services, encouraging thus the transition from a linear to a circular economy. The first session took place on 5 October 2021 with the second session being organized at a later stage.
- To understand the concept and principles of Circular Economy and their potential beyond recycling
- To explain the importance of systems-based approaches in identifying effective circular transformations (political framework, legal framework)
- To grasp existing strategic approaches to Circular Economy (examples of national implementations and of public support for circularity)
- To apply different models of circularity for products and services in real life cases (three successful examples from European companies)
- To understand the opportunities to drive circular value into the life cycles of products and processes (industry examples with a detailed description of the company’s approach, analysis of its product life-cycle, application of strategies, and discussion of the implemented measures)
- To discuss practical strategies, applicable for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Armenia (opportunities, challenges, and barriers)
By large, today’s manufacturing systems are linear, in the sense that they take raw materials from the environment and turn them into new products, which, after fulfilling their purpose, are discarded into the environment. Such systems are no longer adequate to sustain businesses, people, nor the environment. Moreover, economic growth is primarily dependent on an increased resource consumption. As populations grow and the negative environmental impact of resource extraction and usage continues, the linear take-make-waste model reaches its limits. By contrast, in a circular model, products, processes, and materials are undertaking a restorative and regenerative direction to keep their highest utility and value.
Hence, Circular Economy is an alternative to the traditional linear economic model, because resources are kept in use for as long as possible; a maximum value is extracted from them, and waste is relocated from the end of the supply chain to the beginning (giving the used materials a new life). The transition to a Circular Economy embarks industries to a resource efficient and cleaner production (RECP) path in which they increase their competitiveness while protecting the environment.
This online training is organized within the European Union funded EU4Environment Action, as part of the work implemented by UNIDO under the Result 2 Component “Circular Economy and New Growth Opportunities”. It aims to embark the participants on a theoretical, practical, and case study learning experience, relevant to illustrate and support the concept of Circular Economy. Hence, it is designed to be practice-based, with real-life examples of European companies benefitting from circularity. The participants will also have the opportunity to engage in exercises, quizzes and discussions at the end of both sessions.