Regional seminar on policies and tools for enforcement of environmental compliance took place on 17-18 November 2021, 12:00 – 15:00, CEST.
Meeting objectives, expected outputs and outcomes
This second regional seminar provided its participants from the Eastern Partner (EaP) and OECD economies an opportunity to share and discuss findings of two environmental compliance assurance reviews of EaP countries, of Armenia and the Republic of Moldova, that the OECD carried out in 2020‑2021. It also discussed characteristics of a clear and comprehensive environmental enforcement policy, tools at the disposal of authorities to enforce compliance, and the optimal combination of penalties for non-compliance.
Participants included representatives from EaP countries and OECD member countries as well as the European Union Network for the Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental Law (IMPEL) and the European Network of Prosecutors for the Environment (ENPE).
Enforcement is an integral component of the environmental compliance assurance chain. It refers to action that public authorities take to bring non-compliant entities into compliance with environmental regulations. Enforcement action can consist of administrative or criminal sanctions, or a requirement for the polluter to remedy environmental damage caused. The concept of environmental liability implies that the polluter that has caused environmental damage has financial responsibility for the damage, and is set out in the EU Environmental Liability Directive (ELD).
The six EU Eastern Partner countries use a variety of penalties for enforcing environmental compliance. Some of them are in the process of revising their provisions for environmental liability, environmental penalties and environmental damage assessment.
The European Union for Environment (EU4 Environment) Action supports their reform priorities with the goal of strengthening their environmental compliance assurance systems and liability regimes.
The first EU4Environment regional seminar on environmental compliance assurance was held virtually on 25 November 2020 and allowed participants to discuss risk-based approaches to environmental compliance assurance.